The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific body tasked to evaluate the risk of climate change caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), two organizations of the United Nations.

The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.[1]

The IPCC does not carry out research, nor does it monitor climate or related phenomena. A main activity of the IPCC is publishing special reports on topics relevant to the implementation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),[2] an international treaty that acknowledges the possibility of harmful climate change; implementation of the UNFCCC led eventually to the Kyoto Protocol. The IPCC bases its assessment mainly on peer reviewed and published scientific literature. [3] The IPCC is only open to member states of the WMO and UNEP. IPCC reports are widely cited in almost any debate related to climate change.[4][5] National and international responses to climate change generally regard the UN climate panel as authoritative.[6]

The summary reports (i.e. Summary for Policymakers), which draw the most media attention, include review by participating governments in addition to scientific review.[7]

Sources and CitationsEdit

  1. The Nobel Peace Prize for 2007
  2. Principles governing IPCC work. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2006-04-28). Retrieved on 2007 July 24.
  3. About IPCC – Mandate and Membership of the IPCC. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007). Retrieved on 2007 July 24.
  4. A guide to facts and fiction about climate change. The Royal Society (March 2005). Retrieved on 2007 July 24.
  5. The Science of Climate Change. The Royal Society (2001-05-17). Retrieved on 2007 July 24.
  6. Sample, Ian (2007-02-02). Scientists offered cash to dispute climate study. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2007 July 24. “Lord Rees of Ludlow, the president of the Royal Society, Britain's most prestigious scientific institute, said: "The IPCC is the world's leading authority on climate change…"”
  7. Principles Governing IPCC Work